Passports and Visas
U.S. and EU citizens can buy tourist visas on arrival in Egypt at any Egyptian international airport; the process takes only a few minutes, and the windows selling visas are immediately before immigration (look to the left in Cairo). The current cost of a single-entry visa is $15 (payable in U.S. dollars, euros, or pounds sterling), and it is valid for two weeks. If you plan to stay longer you will have to apply at the Mogamma, a building that serves as the bureaucratic center of the country, located in Cairo across from the Egyptian Museum. The visa is often more expensive if you buy it in advance in your home country. You'll find a kiosk immediately before immigration in every major airport. All visitors must have at least six months validity on their passports to enter Egypt.
If you have booked through a tour operator or have arranged a transfer with your hotel, the representative will be waiting for you in the arrivals hall and will help with this process, but it's not complicated.
If you arrive in Egypt via Israel at Taba you will not be able to buy a full tourist visa at the border crossing. They will only issue a visa limiting you to the Sinai region; to get a tourist visa that allows you to travel to other parts of Egypt, you must visit the Egyptian Consulate in Eilat.
U.S. Passport Information
U.S. Department of State. 877/487–2778; travel.state.gov/passport.